Research Papers

Optical reflectance assay for the detection of biofilm formation

[+] Author Affiliations
Shira L. Broschat

Washington State University, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, P.O. Box 642752, Pullman, Washington 99164-2752

Frank J. Loge, Jason D. Peppin, David White

Washington State University, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Pullman, Washington 99164

Douglas R. Call, Edward Kuhn

Washington State University, Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Pathology, Pullman, Washington 99164

J. Biomed. Opt. 10(4), 044027 (July 22, 2005). doi:10.1117/1.1953347
History: Received September 25, 2004; Revised February 22, 2005; Accepted February 27, 2005; Published July 22, 2005
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We describe the protocol for an inexpensive and nondestructive optical reflectance assay for the measurement of biofilm formation. Reflectance data are obtained using an Ocean Optics (Dunedin, Florida) USB 2000 spectrometer with a polychromatic light source. A fiber optic cable is used both for illumination and collection, and Ocean Optics OOIBase32 Platinum software is used for preliminary processing of the data. Differences in reflectance data collected at times ranging from 2 to 24 h distinguish between cell attachment and volume growth for two strains of Enterococci. Confocal scanning laser microscopy imaging is used to confirm these results. Phase contrast microscopy images are also obtained in conjunction with reflectance measurements for several different biofilm specimens. The experiments consider biofilm formation on glass and polystyrene substrata, but the method can be used for many other abiotic substrata of interest, both opaque and nonopaque.

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© 2005 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Shira L. Broschat ; Frank J. Loge ; Jason D. Peppin ; David White ; Douglas R. Call, et al.
"Optical reflectance assay for the detection of biofilm formation", J. Biomed. Opt. 10(4), 044027 (July 22, 2005). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.1953347


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