Angle-resolved signals of polarized light scattered by biological cells provide rich information on cell morphology. Quantitative study of these signals can lead to new methods to develop and improve high-throughput instrumentation for cell probing such as scattering-based flow cytometry. We employ a goniometer system with a photoelastic modulation scheme to determine selected Mueller matrix elements of B-cell hydrosol samples. The angular dependence of , , and is determined from the scattered light signals between 10 and at the three wavelengths 442, 633, and . A finite-difference, time-domain (FDTD) method and coated-sphere model are used to investigate the effect of nuclear refractive index on the angle-resolved Mueller elements at different wavelengths using the 3-D structures of selected B cells reconstructed from confocal images. With these results, we demonstrate the value of the light-scattering method in obtaining the cell morphology information.