Research Papers: Imaging

Application of optical methods to characterize textile materials and their influence on the human skin

[+] Author Affiliations
Helene Strese, Monika Kuck, Sabine Schanzer, Heike Richter, Martina C. Meinke, Wolfram Sterry, Juergen Lademann

Charité–Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Department for Dermatology, Venerology and Allergology, Center of Experimental and Applied Cutaneous Physiology, Berlin D-10117, Germany

Rainer Benken, Joachim W. Fluhr

Institut an der Universität Duisburg-Essen, Deutsches Textilforschungszentrum Nordwest e.V., Krefeld, Germany

Christian Benderoth, Gottfried Frankowski

GFMesstechnik GmbH, Teltow, Germany

J. Biomed. Opt. 16(4), 046013 (April 19, 2011). doi:10.1117/1.3562978
History: Received December 15, 2010; Revised February 17, 2011; Accepted February 17, 2011; Published April 19, 2011; Online April 19, 2011
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The skin is not only the largest organ of the human body, but it is also a barrier to the environment. The major part of the human skin is in constant contact with textile materials. The objective of this study was to characterize textile materials and to investigate their influence on the skin properties. For this purpose, two different textile materials (polyamide and polyester) were objectively characterized by optical coherence tomography and surface structure 3D-profilometry. In addition, subjective textile properties like haptic sensation and stiffness, as tactile characteristics felt by volunteers, were analyzed. The objective textile characteristics and subjective parameters were compared to the barrier properties measured by in vivo laser scanning microscopy . Comparable results were achieved between barrier properties and subjective assessment in relation to the textile characteristics in favor of the polyester fabric. Consequently, the optical method used in dermatology for the analysis of the skin can be applied to characterize and evaluate textile fabrics and their interaction with human skin in vivo.

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© 2011 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)

Citation

Helene Strese ; Monika Kuck ; Rainer Benken ; Sabine Schanzer ; Heike Richter, et al.
"Application of optical methods to characterize textile materials and their influence on the human skin", J. Biomed. Opt. 16(4), 046013 (April 19, 2011). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.3562978


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