Research Papers: Imaging

Design, construction, and validation of a rotary multifunctional intravascular diagnostic catheter combining multispectral fluorescence lifetime imaging and intravascular ultrasound

[+] Author Affiliations
Julien Bec, Hongtao Xie, Diego R. Yankelevich, Feifei Zhou, Yang Sun, Laura Marcu

University of California, Department of Biomedical Engineering, 451 Health Sciences Drive, Davis, California, 95616

Narugopal Ghata, Ralph Aldredge

University of California, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California, 95616

J. Biomed. Opt. 17(10), 106012 (Oct 01, 2012). doi:10.1117/1.JBO.17.10.106012
History: Received June 13, 2012; Revised September 10, 2012; Accepted September 11, 2012
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Abstract.  We report the development and validation of an intravascular rotary catheter for bimodal interrogation of arterial pathologies. This is based on a point-spectroscopy scanning time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy technique enabling reconstruction of fluorescence lifetime images (FLIm) and providing information on arterial intima composition and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) providing information on arterial wall morphology. The catheter design allows for independent rotation of the ultrasonic and optical channels within an 8 Fr outer diameter catheter sheath and integrates a low volume flushing channel for blood removal in the optical pathways. In the current configuration, the two channels consist of (a) a standard 3 Fr IVUS catheter with single element transducer (40 MHz) and (b) a side-viewing fiber optic (400 μm core). Experiments conducted in tissue phantoms showed the ability of the catheter to operate in an intraluminal setting and to generate coregistered FLIm and IVUS in one pull-back scan. Current results demonstrate the feasibility of the catheter for simultaneous bimodal interrogation of arterial lumen and for generation of robust fluorescence lifetime data under IVUS guidance. These results facilitate further development of a FLIm-IVUS technique for intravascular diagnosis of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases including vulnerable plaques.

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© 2012 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Julien Bec ; Hongtao Xie ; Diego R. Yankelevich ; Feifei Zhou ; Yang Sun, et al.
"Design, construction, and validation of a rotary multifunctional intravascular diagnostic catheter combining multispectral fluorescence lifetime imaging and intravascular ultrasound", J. Biomed. Opt. 17(10), 106012 (Oct 01, 2012). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.17.10.106012


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