Special Section on Optical Methods of Imaging in the Skin

Noninvasive determination of burn depth in children by digital infrared thermal imaging

[+] Author Affiliations
Jose David Medina-Preciado, Ezequiel Velez-Gomez, Ariel Miranda-Altamirano

Civil Hospital of Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico

Eleazar Samuel Kolosovas-Machuca, Francisco Javier González

Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, Coordinación para la Innovación y la Aplicación de la Ciencia y la Tecnología, San Luis Potosi, México

J. Biomed. Opt. 18(6), 061204 (Oct 29, 2012). doi:10.1117/1.JBO.18.6.061204
History: Received July 4, 2012; Revised October 1, 2012; Accepted October 2, 2012
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Abstract.  Digital infrared thermal imaging is used to assess noninvasively the severity of burn wounds in 13 pediatric patients. A delta-T (ΔT) parameter obtained by subtracting the temperature of a healthy contralateral region from the temperature of the burn wound is compared with the burn depth measured histopathologically. Thermal imaging results show that superficial dermal burns (IIa) show increased temperature compared with their contralateral healthy region, while deep dermal burns (IIb) show a lower temperature than their contralateral healthy region. This difference in temperature is statistically significant (p<0.0001) and provides a way of distinguishing deep dermal from superficial dermal burns. These results show that digital infrared thermal imaging could be used as a noninvasive procedure to assess burn wounds. An additional advantage of using thermal imaging, which can image a large skin surface area, is that it can be used to identify regions with different burn depths and estimate the size of the grafts needed for deep dermal burns.

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© 2013 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Jose David Medina-Preciado ; Eleazar Samuel Kolosovas-Machuca ; Ezequiel Velez-Gomez ; Ariel Miranda-Altamirano and Francisco Javier González
"Noninvasive determination of burn depth in children by digital infrared thermal imaging", J. Biomed. Opt. 18(6), 061204 (Oct 29, 2012). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.18.6.061204


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