Research Papers: Sensing

Cost-efficient speckle interferometry with plastic optical fiber for unobtrusive monitoring of human vital signs

[+] Author Affiliations
Peter Podbreznik

University of Maribor, Faculty of Civil Engineering, SI-2000 Maribor, Slovenia

Denis Đonlagić, Boris Cigale, Damjan Zazula

University of Maribor, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, SI-2000 Maribor, Slovenia

Dejan Lešnik

Piktronik d.o.o., SI-2000 Maribor, Slovenia

J. Biomed. Opt. 18(10), 107001 (Oct 02, 2013). doi:10.1117/1.JBO.18.10.107001
History: Received March 15, 2013; Revised July 24, 2013; Accepted September 9, 2013
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Abstract.  A cost-efficient plastic optical fiber (POF) system for unobtrusive monitoring of human vital signs is presented. The system is based on speckle interferometry. A laser diode is butt-coupled to the POF whose exit face projects speckle patterns onto a linear optical sensor array. Sequences of acquired speckle images are transformed into one-dimensional signals by using the phase-shifting method. The signals are analyzed by band-pass filtering and a Morlet-wavelet-based multiresolutional approach for the detection of cardiac and respiratory activities, respectively. The system is tested with 10 healthy nonhospitalized persons, lying supine on a mattress with the embedded POF. Experimental results are assessed statistically: precisions of 98.8%±1.5% and 97.9%±2.3%, sensitivities of 99.4%±0.6% and 95.3%±3%, and mean delays between interferometric detections and corresponding referential signals of 116.6±55.5 and 1299.2±437.3ms for the heartbeat and respiration are obtained, respectively.

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© 2013 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Peter Podbreznik ; Denis Đonlagić ; Dejan Lešnik ; Boris Cigale and Damjan Zazula
"Cost-efficient speckle interferometry with plastic optical fiber for unobtrusive monitoring of human vital signs", J. Biomed. Opt. 18(10), 107001 (Oct 02, 2013). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.18.10.107001


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