Research Papers: Imaging

Truncated-correlation photothermal coherence tomography of artificially demineralized animal bones: two- and three-dimensional markers for mineral loss monitoring

[+] Author Affiliations
Sreekumar Kaiplavil, Andreas Mandelis

University of Toronto, Center for Advanced Diffusion-Wave Technologies, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, 5 King’s College Road, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 3G8 Canada

Bennett T. Amaechi

University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Department of Comprehensive Dentistry, 7703 Floyd Curl Drive, San Antonio, Texas 78229-3900

J. Biomed. Opt. 19(2), 026015 (Feb 26, 2014). doi:10.1117/1.JBO.19.2.026015
History: Received August 6, 2013; Revised January 29, 2014; Accepted January 30, 2014
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Abstract.  The challenge of depth-resolved, nonionizing (hybrid-optical) detection of mineral loss in bones is addressed using truncated-correlation photothermal coherence tomography (TC-PCT). This approach has importance not only in ground-based clinical procedures, but also in microgravity space applications. Analogous to x-ray morphometric parameters, two- and three-dimensional markers have been defined and estimated for chemically demineralized goat rib bones. Cortical and trabecular regions have been analyzed independently and together using the computational slicing advantage of TC-PCT, and the results have been verified using micro-CT imaging (the gold standard). For low-demineralization levels, both modalities follow the same trend. However, for very high mineral loss that is unlikely to occur naturally, anomalies exist in both methods. Demineralization tracking has been carried out to a depth of 3mm below the irradiated surface. Compared with micro-CT imaging, TC-PCT offers an improved dynamic range, which is a beneficial feature while analyzing highly demineralized bones. Also, TC-PCT parameters are found to be more sensitive to trabecular and combined cortical-trabecular demineralization compared with x-ray parameters. Axial and lateral resolutions in bone imaging for the current instrumental configuration are 25 and 100 μm, respectively.

Figures in this Article
© 2014 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Topics

Bone ; Minerals ; Tomography

Citation

Sreekumar Kaiplavil ; Andreas Mandelis and Bennett T. Amaechi
"Truncated-correlation photothermal coherence tomography of artificially demineralized animal bones: two- and three-dimensional markers for mineral loss monitoring", J. Biomed. Opt. 19(2), 026015 (Feb 26, 2014). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.19.2.026015


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