Research Papers: Imaging

Quantification of collagen I in airway tissues using second harmonic generation

[+] Author Affiliations
Gavin Tjin

Woolcock Institute of Medical Research, Level 3 Cell Biology Lab, 431 Glebe Point Road, Glebe, New South Wales 2037, Sydney, Australia

The University of Sydney, Central Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, New South Wales 2006, Sydney, Australia

Paul Xu, Eleanor P. W. Kable

The University of Sydney, Australian Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis, Madsen Building F09, New South Wales 2006, Sydney, Australia

Scott H. Kable

The University of Sydney, School of Chemistry, New South Wales 2006, Australia

Janette K. Burgess

Woolcock Institute of Medical Research, Level 3 Cell Biology Lab, 431 Glebe Point Road, Glebe, New South Wales 2037, Sydney, Australia

The University of Sydney, Central Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, New South Wales 2006, Sydney, Australia

The University of Sydney, Discipline of Pharmacology, New South Wales 2006, Australia

J. Biomed. Opt. 19(3), 036005 (Mar 06, 2014). doi:10.1117/1.JBO.19.3.036005
History: Received August 2, 2013; Revised December 16, 2013; Accepted January 31, 2014
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Abstract.  Extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling contributes to the pathogenic changes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is both complex and not well understood. Collagen I, a component of the ECM altered in COPD airways, has second harmonic generation (SHG) properties. The SHG signal is coherent, propagating both forward (F) (primarily organized/mature collagen fibrils) and backward (B) (primarily disorganized/immature collagen fibrils) parallel to the incident light. The F/B SHG ratio was used to determine the proportion of organized to disorganized collagen, with lower variation in F/B ratio between sampling regions within the same patient and between patients in the same disease group compared with analyzing F and B data alone. The F/B ratio was independent of laser power drift, regions analyzed within a tissue and tissue orientation during analysis. Using this method, we identified a significant difference in collagen organization in airway tissue between COPD and nondiseased. We have developed a robust optimization and calibration methodology that will allow direct comparison of data obtained at different times and from multiple microscopes, which is directly adaptable for use with other tissue types. We report a powerful new tool for advancing our understanding of pathological ECM remodeling that may uncover new therapeutic targets in the future.

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© 2014 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Gavin Tjin ; Paul Xu ; Scott H. Kable ; Eleanor P. W. Kable and Janette K. Burgess
"Quantification of collagen I in airway tissues using second harmonic generation", J. Biomed. Opt. 19(3), 036005 (Mar 06, 2014). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.19.3.036005


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