The results of ex vivo and in vivo imaging of human fallopian tube using our previously developed rigid clinical confocal microlaparoscope suggest the potential of the proposed confocal imaging technique, but access to the fallopian tube is limited by the geometry of the 5-mm-diameter rigid device. The new lightweight ergonomic confocal microlaparoscope with its articulating distal tip, will enable access to the distal end of the fallopian tube during laparoscopic surgery. The ability to image inside of the fallopian tubes up to a few centimeters past the fimbria is a significant advantage of this new instrument. Although the lateral resolution of the articulating tip probe is less than the lateral resolution of the rigid clinical microlaparoscope probe, the performance is sufficient to resolve subcellular structures, such as cell nuclei, and the important microstructural features relevant to ovarian cancer detection. In addition, the overall sensitivity of the bare-fiber articulating design is quite similar to that of the miniature objective–based rigid system. The bare-fiber system collects less light because it has a smaller NA but the bare-fiber system has a higher throughput because it eliminates the miniature objective, which has 15 optical surfaces.