Research Papers: Sensing

Detecting cervical cancer progression through extracted intrinsic fluorescence and principal component analysis

[+] Author Affiliations
Seema Devi

Indian Institute of Technology, Department of Physics, Kanpur 208016, India

Prasanta K. Panigrahi

Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Kolkata 741246, India

Asima Pradhan

Indian Institute of Technology, Department of Physics, Kanpur 208016, India

Indian Institute of Technology, Center for Lasers and Photonics, Kanpur 208016, India

J. Biomed. Opt. 19(12), 127003 (Dec 11, 2014). doi:10.1117/1.JBO.19.12.127003
History: Received July 5, 2014; Accepted November 17, 2014
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Abstract.  Intrinsic fluorescence spectra of the human normal, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 1 (CIN1), CIN2, and cervical cancer tissue have been extracted by effectively combining the measured polarized fluorescence and polarized elastic scattering spectra. The efficacy of principal component analysis (PCA) to disentangle the collective behavior from smaller correlated clusters in a dimensionally reduced space in conjunction with the intrinsic fluorescence is examined. This combination unambiguously reveals the biochemical changes occurring with the progression of the disease. The differing activities of the dominant fluorophores, collagen, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, flavins, and porphyrin of different grades of precancers are clearly identified through a careful examination of the sectorial behavior of the dominant eigenvectors of PCA. To further classify the different grades, the Mahalanobis distance has been calculated using the scores of selected principal components.

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© 2014 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Seema Devi ; Prasanta K. Panigrahi and Asima Pradhan
"Detecting cervical cancer progression through extracted intrinsic fluorescence and principal component analysis", J. Biomed. Opt. 19(12), 127003 (Dec 11, 2014). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.19.12.127003


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