Research Papers: Imaging

Multimodal optical measurement in vitro of surface deformations and wall thickness of the pressurized aortic arch

[+] Author Affiliations
Katia Genovese

University of Basilicata, School of Engineering, Potenza 85100, Italy

Jay D. Humphrey

Yale University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, United States

J. Biomed. Opt. 20(4), 046005 (Apr 13, 2015). doi:10.1117/1.JBO.20.4.046005
History: Received December 4, 2014; Accepted March 18, 2015
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Abstract.  Computational modeling of arterial mechanics continues to progress, even to the point of allowing the study of complex regions such as the aortic arch. Nevertheless, most prior studies assign homogeneous and isotropic material properties and constant wall thickness even when implementing patient-specific luminal geometries obtained from medical imaging. These assumptions are not due to computational limitations, but rather to the lack of spatially dense sets of experimental data that describe regional variations in mechanical properties and wall thickness in such complex arterial regions. In this work, we addressed technical challenges associated with in vitro measurement of overall geometry, full-field surface deformations, and regional wall thickness of the porcine aortic arch in its native anatomical configuration. Specifically, we combined two digital image correlation-based approaches, standard and panoramic, to track surface geometry and finite deformations during pressurization, with a 360-deg fringe projection system to contour the outer and inner geometry. The latter provided, for the first time, information on heterogeneous distributions of wall thickness of the arch and associated branches in the unloaded state. Results showed that mechanical responses vary significantly with orientation and location (e.g., less extensible in the circumferential direction and with increasing distance from the heart) and that the arch exhibits a nearly linear increase in pressure-induced strain up to 40%, consistent with other findings on proximal porcine aortas. Thickness measurements revealed strong regional differences, thus emphasizing the need to include nonuniform thicknesses in theoretical and computational studies of complex arterial geometries.

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© 2015 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Katia Genovese and Jay D. Humphrey
"Multimodal optical measurement in vitro of surface deformations and wall thickness of the pressurized aortic arch", J. Biomed. Opt. 20(4), 046005 (Apr 13, 2015). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.20.4.046005


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