The XRD pattern of the nanopowder is shown in Fig. 1(a). This plot shows peaks corresponding to (1,0,1), (0,1,1), (2,1,1), and (1,1,2) planes, respectively. All the peaks are associated with the tetragonal phase of zirconia, according to the JCPDS 37-1413 card.57 The nanopowder obtained by the precipitation method was analyzed by Raman spectroscopy, see Fig. 1(b). The peaks at 626, 552, 525, 445, 336, 260, 238, and represent the spectrum. The peaks located at 445 and as well as the shoulders located at 185 and are in agreement with the tetragonal phase of zirconia.58 The nanocrystal sizes were determined by TEM and a representative micrograph is presented in Fig. 2(a). The nanocrystals have an average size of 20 nm and spherical shape. Besides, Fig. 2(b) is an SEM image, which shows well-dispersed nanocrystals, and this was caused by the introduction of PF127 during the synthesis process.59 The size and dispersion of the co-doped nanocrystals was controlled from the nucleation process due to the presence of ammonia, water/ethanol, and surfactant Pluronic PF127.56 To promote the efficient internalization in HeLa cells, it is important to have particles in the nanoscale size regime. In addition, the colloidal stability of the nanoparticles is also significant to avoid the formation of aggregates, which may prevent the effective interaction between the nanoparticles and the cell surface.