Research Papers: General

Fabrication of healthy and disease-mimicking retinal phantoms with tapered foveal pits for optical coherence tomography

[+] Author Affiliations
Gary C. F. Lee, Gennifer T. Smith, Monica Agrawal, Audrey K. Ellerbee

Stanford University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford, California 94305, United States

Theodore Leng

Stanford University, School of Medicine, Byers Eye Institute, Palo Alto, California 94304, United States

J. Biomed. Opt. 20(8), 085004 (Aug 19, 2015). doi:10.1117/1.JBO.20.8.085004
History: Received May 12, 2015; Accepted July 15, 2015
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Abstract.  Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become a standard tool in ophthalmology clinics for diagnosing many retinal diseases. Nonetheless, the technical and clinical communities still lack a standardized phantom that could aid in evaluating and normalizing the many protocols and systems used for diagnosis. Existing retinal phantoms are able to mimic the thickness and scattering properties of the retinal layers but are unable to model the morphology of the foveal pit, particularly the tapering of the retinal layers. This work demonstrates a new fabrication procedure that is capable of reliably and consistently replicating the shape and tapered appearance of the retinal layers near the foveal pit using a combination of spin-coating and replica molding. We characterize the effects of using different mold sizes which enable us to achieve a range of pit dimensions. We also present a modified procedure to replicate two diseased states of the retinal tissue, such as retinal detachment and dry aged-related macular degeneration. The ability to create an anatomically correct foveal pit for healthy and disease-mimicking phantoms will allow for a new standard better suited for intra- and inter-system evaluation and for improved comparison of retinal segmentation algorithms.

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© 2015 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Gary C. F. Lee ; Gennifer T. Smith ; Monica Agrawal ; Theodore Leng and Audrey K. Ellerbee
"Fabrication of healthy and disease-mimicking retinal phantoms with tapered foveal pits for optical coherence tomography", J. Biomed. Opt. 20(8), 085004 (Aug 19, 2015). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.20.8.085004


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