Research Papers: General

Characterization of the temperature rise in a single cell during photoacoustic tomography at the nanoscale

[+] Author Affiliations
Pratik Samant, Jian Chen, Liangzhong Xiang

University of Oklahoma, Center for Biomedical Engineering and School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Stephenson Research and Technology Center, 101 David L Boren Boulevard, Norman, Oklahoma 73072, United States

J. Biomed. Opt. 21(7), 075009 (Jul 12, 2016). doi:10.1117/1.JBO.21.7.075009
History: Received March 21, 2016; Accepted June 21, 2016
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Abstract.  We are developing a label-free nanoscale photoacoustic tomography (nPAT) for imaging a single living cell. nPAT uses a laser-induced acoustic pulse to generate a nanometer-scale image. The primary motivation behind this imaging technique is the imaging of biological cells in the context of diagnosis without fluorescent tagging. During this procedure, thermal damage due to the laser pulse is a potential risk that may damage the cells. A physical model is built to estimate the temperature rise and thermal relaxation during the imaging procedure. Through simulations using finite element methods, two lasers (532 nm at 5 ps pulse duration and 830 nm at 0.2 ps pulse duration) were simulated for imaging red blood cells (RBCs). We demonstrate that a single 5-ps pulse laser with a 400-Hz repetition rate will generate a steady state temperature rise of less than a Kelvin on the surface of the RBCs. All the simulation results show that there is no significant temperature rise in an RBC in either single pulse or multiple pulse illumination with a 532-nm laser with 219 W fluence. Therefore, our simulation results demonstrate the thermal safety of an nPAT system. The photoacoustic signal generated by this laser is on the order of 2.5 kPa, so it should still be large enough to generate high-resolution images with nPAT. Frequency analysis of this signal shows a peak at 1.47 GHz, with frequencies as high as 3.5 GHz still being present in the spectrum. We believe that nPAT will open an avenue for disease diagnosis and cell biology studies at the nanometer-level.

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© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Pratik Samant ; Jian Chen and Liangzhong Xiang
"Characterization of the temperature rise in a single cell during photoacoustic tomography at the nanoscale", J. Biomed. Opt. 21(7), 075009 (Jul 12, 2016). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.21.7.075009


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