Research Papers: General

Study of the inhibition effect of thiazone on muscle optical clearing

[+] Author Affiliations
Xiaowei Jin, Zhichao Deng, Jin Wang, Qing Ye, Wenyuan Zhou, Chunping Zhang, Jianguo Tian

Nankai University, School of Physics and TEDA Applied Physics School, Key Laboratory of Weak-Light Nonlinear Photonics, Ministry of Education, 94th Weijin Road, Tianjin 300071, China

Nankai University, The 2011 Project Collaborative Innovation Center for Biological Therapy, 94th Weijin Road, Tianjin 300071, China

Jianchun Mei

Nankai University, The 2011 Project Collaborative Innovation Center for Biological Therapy, 94th Weijin Road, Tianjin 300071, China

Nankai University, Advanced Technology Institute, 94th Weijin Road, Tianjin 300071, China

J. Biomed. Opt. 21(10), 105004 (Oct 20, 2016). doi:10.1117/1.JBO.21.10.105004
History: Received May 13, 2016; Accepted September 28, 2016
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Abstract.  We investigated the effect of thiazone, a widely used penetration enhancer, on in vitro porcine skin and muscle tissue by single-integrating sphere technique during optical clearing (OC) treatment. The results showed that thiazone induced an increase on the total transmittance of skin which led to a reduction in that of muscle in the spectral range from 400 to 800 nm. Small particles crystalized out from the thiazone-treated muscle were observed by microscopy imaging. With the help of x-ray diffraction measurement, we ascertained that the crystal was a single-crystal of thiazone, which mainly induced an increase of the scattering. Contrast transmittance measurements carried on the mixture of water, thizaone–propylene glycol solution showed that the free water in muscle could be the main reason for the thiazone crystallization. Therefore, during OC treatment of thiazone, the remarkable effect on skin and the noticeable inhibition effect on subcutaneous muscle tissue after penetrating into the skin should be considered. The experimental results provide such a reference for the choice of penetration enhancer.

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© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Xiaowei Jin ; Zhichao Deng ; Jin Wang ; Qing Ye ; Jianchun Mei, et al.
"Study of the inhibition effect of thiazone on muscle optical clearing", J. Biomed. Opt. 21(10), 105004 (Oct 20, 2016). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.21.10.105004


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