Research Papers: General

Determination of scattering properties and damage thresholds in tissue using ultrafast laser ablation

[+] Author Affiliations
Chris Martin

University of Texas at Austin, Department of Biomedical Engineering, 107 West Dean Keeton Street, Stop C0800, Austin, Texas 78712, United States

Adela Ben-Yakar

University of Texas at Austin, Department of Biomedical Engineering, 107 West Dean Keeton Street, Stop C0800, Austin, Texas 78712, United States

University of Texas at Austin, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 204 East Dean Keeton Street, Stop C2200, Austin, Texas 78712, United States

J. Biomed. Opt. 21(11), 115004 (Nov 30, 2016). doi:10.1117/1.JBO.21.11.115004
History: Received September 23, 2016; Accepted November 4, 2016
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Abstract.  Ultrafast laser surgery of tissue requires precise knowledge of the tissue’s optical properties to control the extent of subsurface ablation. Here, we present a method to determine the scattering lengths, s, and fluence thresholds, Fth, in multilayered and turbid tissue by finding the input energies required to initiate ablation at various depths in each tissue layer. We validated the method using tissue-mimicking phantoms and applied it to porcine vocal folds, which consist of an epithelial (ep) layer and a superficial lamina propia (SLP) layer. Across five vocal fold samples, we found s,ep=51.0±3.9  μm, Fth,ep=1.78±0.08  J/cm2, s,SLP=26.5±1.6  μm, and Fth,SLP=1.14±0.12  J/cm2. Our method can enable personalized determination of tissue optical properties in a clinical setting, leading to less patient-to-patient variability and more favorable outcomes in operations, such as femto-LASIK surgery.

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© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Chris Martin and Adela Ben-Yakar
"Determination of scattering properties and damage thresholds in tissue using ultrafast laser ablation", J. Biomed. Opt. 21(11), 115004 (Nov 30, 2016). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.21.11.115004


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