Special Section on Advanced Laser Technologies for Biophotonics

Glucose diffusion in colorectal mucosa—a comparative study between normal and cancer tissues

[+] Author Affiliations
Sónia Carvalho

Portuguese Oncology Institute of Porto, Department of Pathology and Cancer Biology and Epigenetics Group-Research Centre, Porto, Portugal

Nuno Gueiral, Elisabete Nogueira, Luís Oliveira

Polytechnic of Porto, School of Engineering, Physics Department, Porto, Portugal

Centre of Innovation in Engineering and Industrial Technology, ISEP, Porto, Portugal

Rui Henrique

Portuguese Oncology Institute of Porto, Department of Pathology and Cancer Biology and Epigenetics Group-Research Centre, Porto, Portugal

University of Porto (ICBAS-UP), Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar, Department of Pathology and Molecular Immunology, Porto, Portugal

Valery V. Tuchin

Saratov National Research State University, Research-Educational Institute of Optics and Biophotonics, Saratov, Russia

Precision Mechanics and Control Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Laboratory of Laser Diagnostics of Technical and Living Systems, Saratov, Russia

National Research Tomsk State University, Interdisciplinary Laboratory of Biophotonics, Tomsk, Russia

J. Biomed. Opt. 22(9), 091506 (Feb 21, 2017). doi:10.1117/1.JBO.22.9.091506
History: Received November 14, 2016; Accepted January 31, 2017
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Abstract.  Colorectal carcinoma is a major health concern worldwide and its high incidence and mortality require accurate screening methods. Following endoscopic examination, polyps must be removed for histopathological characterization. Aiming to contribute to the improvement of current endoscopy methods of colorectal carcinoma screening or even for future development of laser treatment procedures, we studied the diffusion properties of glucose and water in colorectal healthy and pathological mucosa. These parameters characterize the tissue dehydration and the refractive index matching mechanisms of optical clearing (OC). We used ex vivo tissues to measure the collimated transmittance spectra and thickness during treatments with OC solutions containing glucose in different concentrations. These time dependencies allowed for estimating the diffusion time and diffusion coefficient values of glucose and water in both types of tissues. The measured diffusion times for glucose in healthy and pathological mucosa samples were 299.2±4.7  s and 320.6±10.6  s for 40% and 35% glucose concentrations, respectively. Such a difference indicates a slower glucose diffusion in cancer tissues, which originate from their ability to trap far more glucose than healthy tissues. We have also found a higher free water content in cancerous tissue that is estimated as 64.4% instead of 59.4% for healthy mucosa.

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© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Sónia Carvalho ; Nuno Gueiral ; Elisabete Nogueira ; Rui Henrique ; Luís Oliveira, et al.
"Glucose diffusion in colorectal mucosa—a comparative study between normal and cancer tissues", J. Biomed. Opt. 22(9), 091506 (Feb 21, 2017). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.22.9.091506


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