Research Papers: Therapeutic

Effect of low-level light therapy on diabetic foot ulcers: a near-infrared spectroscopy study

[+] Author Affiliations
Massimo Salvi, Daniele Rimini, Filippo Molinari

Politecnico di Torino, Biolab, Department of Electronics and Telecommunications, Turin, Italy

Gianni Bestente

Istituto Superiore Mario Boella (ISMB), Turin, Italy

Alberto Bruno

AOU Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino—San Giovanni Antica Sede, Diabetology Department, Turin, Italy

J. Biomed. Opt. 22(3), 038001 (Mar 07, 2017). doi:10.1117/1.JBO.22.3.038001
History: Received September 29, 2016; Accepted February 22, 2017
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Abstract.  Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is a diabetic complication due to peripheral vasculopathy and neuropathy. A promising technology for wound healing in DFU is low-level light therapy (LLLT). Despite several studies showing positive effects of LLLT on DFU, LLLT’s physiological effects have not yet been studied. The objective of this study was to investigate vascular and nervous systems modification in DFU after LLLT. Two samples of 45 DFU patients and 11 healthy controls (HCs) were recruited. The total hemoglobin (totHb) concentration change was monitored before and after LLLT by near-infrared spectroscopy and analyzed in time and frequency domains. The spectral power of the totHb changes in the very-low frequency (VLF, 20 to 60 mHz) and low frequency (LF, 60 to 140 mHz) bandwidths was calculated. Data analysis revealed a mean increase of totHb concentration after LLLT in DFU patients, but not in HC. VLF/LF ratio decreased significantly after the LLLT period in DFU patients (indicating an increased activity of the autonomic nervous system), but not in HC. Eventually, different treatment intensities in LLLT therapy showed a different response in DFU. Overall, our results demonstrate that LLLT improves blood flow and autonomic nervous system regulation in DFU and the importance of light intensity in therapeutic protocols.

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© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Massimo Salvi ; Daniele Rimini ; Filippo Molinari ; Gianni Bestente and Alberto Bruno
"Effect of low-level light therapy on diabetic foot ulcers: a near-infrared spectroscopy study", J. Biomed. Opt. 22(3), 038001 (Mar 07, 2017). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.22.3.038001


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